The jobs link…

Guest post by Aarya Nijat, WB-SAES Youth Delegate, Afghanistan

The 2nd expert panel discussion is focusing on employment, human capital potential and the need to harness that. Martin Rama the author of the World Development Report on Jobs underlined the missing link – the too obvious link – of the cause of harnessing human capital potential: Jobs. The challenging question here, he suggested is to find out how to challenge the conventional wisdom on jobs? For middle-low income countries jobs are fundamental, but we, as countries/ nations lack the capacity of putting people to work productively. So it is not just a question of job creation, but creation of productive jobs. This is critical not just from the economic development, but also because we learn most skills not at schools but at workplaces. In addition, job opportunities have a direction relation with the families’ interest in investing in education. So focus should not just be on jobs, but productive jobs.

Expert Panel 1 at the 6th SAES

Expert Panel 1 at the 6th SAES

Mahendra Lama spoke on the challenges facing the higher education industry. The quality gap (Central vs State [India] Public vs Private [Afghanistan] and the quantity gap: the challenge of finding quality teachers for public institutions of higher education. He underlined the need to push for educational reform at the regional level. Specifically speaking, the need to get the higher education regulatory bodies of all South Asian countries to come together and think of jointly discussing and addressing the challenge of quality and patterns of higher education in the region. Because unless we refocus and reorient education policies at different levels for different communities (at the national level) and bring regulatory bodies together under a regional higher education framework (at the regional level) it is hard to reorient resources towards productive jobs and reap benefits of demographic dividend.

Aarya Nijat
Youth Delegate
Afghanistan

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